S. Moulijn
Deutsche Zusammenfassung
In search for the tranquility and the beauty in the landscape: S. Moulijn, Painter and lithographer
S. Moulijn - portrait by himself
Portrait by himself with stone, Lithograph (1929)
S. Moulijn, painter and lithographer, lived during the second part of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. His work consists of around 200 lithographs and a great number of paintings.

The lithographs and paintings often show a dreamy tranquility. This is not a view backward but the search for the beauty of nature.
Simon Moulijn is born 20 juli 1866 in Rotterdam as the third child of the manufacturer Simon Moulijn. In 1882 Moulijn becomes a pupil of the Art academy in Rotterdam (Rotterdamse Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten). In 1885 he changes to the Rijksacademie voor Beeldende Kusten in Amsterdam, where he made the acquintance of among others Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig, Richard Roland Holst and Isaac Israëls. From 1887 Moulijn lives and works in different places in the Netherlands.

In this period also characterized by experiments in composition he produces many rural pictures of old farmhouses, landscapes and villages. These themes will finally be typical for his works.

S. Moulijn - Twilight
Twilight, Lithograph (1895)
In the following years Moulijn has expositions and he lives in different places in the Netherlands.
S. Moulijn - Eco and Hans Moulijn
Portraits of his sons Eco and Hans Moulijn (1910)

March 12th 1902 Moulijn marries the poetress Henriëtte Haitsma Mulier. The young couple settles in Laren. At that time already many artists lived in this village southeast of Amsterdam. Moulijn continued the contacts with his fellow students Roland Holst en Hart Nibbrig, but also with other artists (J. G. Veldheer, F. Smissaert and Jan Eisenloeffel). In Laren Moulijn builds 1903 a house based on his own design. In this period the sons Eco and Hans are born. For them he painted a puppet theatre and sceneries.

After his appointment as a teacher at the "Rotterdamse Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten en Technische Wetenschappen " the family moves in 1918 to The Hague.

S. Moulijn - Portrait of his wife: Henriëtte Moulijn-Haitsma Mulier
Portrait of his wife Henriëtte Moulijn - Haitsma Mulier (1902)

After the sons grew up the house in The Hague became to large. Moulijn and his wife move 1935 to Wassenaar. Moulijn builds a wooden studio near his dwelling.

Atelier of S. Moulijn in Wassenaar
Studio of Moulijn in Wassenaar (Situation 2005)
Interior of  the  studio
Interior of the studio in Wassenaar with lithopress (1936)
S. Moulijn in his working room in The Hague
Moulijn in his working room in The Hague

Beginning around 1895 Moulijn is more and more at work on lithography. Finally this technique will occupy a special place in his life-work. In 1911 he is one of the founders of the Association for promotion of the graphic arts (Vereeniging tot Bevordering der Grafische Kunst) in the Netherlands. As secretary of this association he plays an important role in the organisation of exhibitions of Dutch graphic arts.

1917 Moulijn was appointed as teacher for graphic arts at the Rotterdam Academy of design and technical sciences. In the year 1918 he publishes „De lithografische prentkunst" (Lithographic printing). In this book the development of lithographic arts since the invention 1796 by Alois Senefelder in Germany and the spreading of this technique in Europe are described.

Interested in the works of S. Moulijn? At the art gallery Kunsthandel Hein A. M. Klaver you will find a superb collection



Except for around 200 lithographies the work of Moulijn consists also of a great number of paintings, sketches and water-colours. His main topics were nature and landscapes. The pages with pictures by Moulijn of this site give a small impression of his work. We have tried to consider paintings and lithographs on the base of the themes and the symbols of the presentation. The presentation of the different forms of landscapes reveals one of the main characteristics of Moulijn "as painter of the romantic solitude" (Algemeen Handelsblad). In fact the landscape is also the environment of human life. In the perception of Moulijn this is often only the indication of human axistence. The landscape is often also formed by man: Moulijn shows the silence of parc landscapes. He visualises the power, with which the bridge in Rotterdam spans the river Maas. In the "Remparts of Naarden" the calm strength of this fortification is in the foreground. The lithograph "Castle ruin of Beaufort " (Luxembourg) shows the slow decline of power and strength. Idyllic landscapes are another aspect of the forming of the landscape by man: The garden of the Villa d'Este in Tivoli is an example. Of some importance is also the symbolic reflexion of human characteristics for example in one of the few wood carvings or on book-plates.

Of major importance for his work were journeys to Germany (1905 Monschau, 1909 Holzhausen), Italy (1911 Tivoli and Frascati, 1938 Florence), France (1930 Fontainebleau, 1931 Neuilly), but also in the Netherlands. The common characteristic of most of his paintings and lithographs is the tranquility in the landscape.

Landscape near Holzhausen
Landscape near Holzhausen (Teutoburg Forest, Germany), 1910

Farmer from the province Zeeland
Farmer from the province Zeeland,
wood carving (1915)

Ex Libris Ex Libris
Left: Ex Libris forHanns Hinsberg, Right: Ex Libris for Henriette and Simon Moulijn-Haitsma Mulier
Advertising poster
Advertising poster, lithograph, 1919

Moulijn dies november 2nd, 1948 in The Hague. Only one month later (december 1st, 1948) he is followed by his wife. Grave S. Moulijn en H. Moulijn-Haitsma Mulier in Wassenaar
Grave of S. Moulijn en H. Moulijn-Haitsma Mulier te Wassenaar